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Île de France is the cultural and political heart of France and it offers a unique backdrop for any trip to Paris, with countless historical monuments, magnificent châteaux, picturesque villages, and beautiful countryside.
The region around the French capital, the most populated region in France, is divided into 8 departments: Paris, Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Seine-et-Marne, Val-de-Marne, Val-d’Oise, and Yvelines. Its inhabitants are called francilians.
Immerse yourself in history in Paris and in other incredible museums nearby such as the Archaeological Museum of Saint Germain-en-Laye or the Great War Museum in Meaux.
However, Ile de France is also and above all a vast countryside, with the Fontainebleau forest, the Vexin natural park, the Haute-Vallée de Chevreuse, and the bucolic banks of the Marne Rivers and Oise.
Île-de-France is diverse, and that’s good! Below, the list of best things to do in Ile de France to get a glimpse of its history, culture and natural wonders.
Paris, the Capital
For many travelers, the French capital will be France’s front door and the first contact with the country. And there’s so much to see and do in Paris that some people don’t want to go further!
First of all, Paris is history and art. It is Lutetia, the Gallo-Roman city but also the medieval city of the French Kings, Napoleon III’s new Athens, or the baron Haussmann’s modern city.
Paris is also a moveable feast. From the roaring twenties to our days, it is difficult to get bored in a city with such a wide program of festivals, exhibitions and shows all year round.
Take the time to discover Paris as it is today – bourgeois to the west and popular to the east – and explore also its main sights. The Ile de la Cité, the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Invalides, the Tuileries Gardens, the Arc de Triomphe, the Sacré-Coeur on the Butte Montmartre … but also the lesser-known districts of Paris.
Versailles Palace and Gardens
Versailles is one of the world’s most famous palaces and a jewel of French Baroque architecture. Its beauty and its proximity to the French capital make of Versailles the most popular day trip from Paris.
King Louis XIV and his successors turned a modest hunting lodge into a seat of their power. With the Gardens, the Palaces of Trianon, and the Queen’s Hamlet, the Versailles Estate spreads over 800 hectares.
Don’t miss the Gardens of Versailles. Designed by the landscape designer André Le Notre, they feature 200.000 trees, beautiful classic sculptures and water features of all kinds. After the visit to the Palace, the area around the Grand Canal is perfect for a picnic on the grass.
Check out this Versailles Quick Guide to get the most out of this top sight near Paris.
Disneyland Paris is a magic world, rich in fantasy and full of adventure where more than one would like to get lost right now.
Disneyland Paris is home to two theme parks—Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park—as well as multiple hotels, entertainment offerings, and restaurants. The theme parks contain more than 50 great attractions for all ages, and adults without kids can also spend a wonderful day at Euro Disney.
Disneyland Paris’ entertainment options are delightful, even if you don’t speak the language. Disneyland Park’s evening fireworks show is just extraordinary.
The good news is that Disneyland Paris is located at less than 40 kilometers from Paris, so it is possible to visit on a day trip from the French capital by car or public transportation. If you have the time, however, spend a night in one of the wonderful Disney hotels, located at a walking distance to the parks, for a full Disney experience.
Provins, Medieval Town
Provins is one of the most beautiful medieval towns near Paris, well known for its half-timbered houses, well-preserved city walls, and other interesting medieval buildings.
Provins was the capital of the powerful Counts of Champagne. Thanks to its strategic location and the counts’ protection, the town became one of the most important international trade fairs in Europe during the 11th and 13th centuries. Still today, Provins hosts the best medieval fair in Europe (Les Médiévales de Provins), a fair where all the inhabitants participate with their medieval costumes and that we recommend visiting if you are around in June.
Finally, don’t miss Provins’ underground city (Les Souterrains de Provins), a vast network of underground tunnels and passages from the 13th century that connected the houses of medieval Provins.
Castles Near Paris
Visitors to the French capital don’t need to go far to find a bit of royalness, since there are several castles near Paris that make great day trips.
From medieval ruins to royal palaces or hunting castles for the French Kings and the nobility, these châteaux near Paris come in a variety of styles and repair.
Some of these castles are also considered the best châteaux in France for their architecture or decor whilst other castles are less impressive but with an incredible history behind. The one thing they have in common is that they’re all awesome places to see.
Forest of Fontainebleau
The forest of Fontainebleau is one of the most beautiful natural places in Ile-de-France, covering a surface equivalent to 2.5 times Paris. Fontainebleau was in the past the Kings’ favorite spot for hunting and they used to spend long periods in Château de Fontainebleau, especially during the hunting season.
Today, the forest of Fontainebleau is the hikers’ paradise in Ile-de-France, with more than 500 km of marked trails. The 25 Bosses Trail is the most famous hiking trail in Fontainebleau, a difficult up and down – up and down hike with amazing viewpoints everywhere. This hike usually takes 6-7 hours and good physical condition are necessary.
A more relaxing way to explore this wonderful forest is on a hot air balloon, Fontainebleau looks even more impressive from the sky! Click here to see some beautiful shots of Fontainebleau from above.
Basilica of Saint-Denis
The Basilica of Saint-Denis is one of the most important religious buildings in Ile-de-France, the kind of place you have to visit at least once in your life.
Basilica of Saint-Denis was built at the exact spot where Saint-Denis, the saint patron of Paris and France, was buried. Since the 7th century, Basilica of Saint-Denis is the burial place of most of the Kings of France, who chose to rest eternally near the remains of the saint.
The Basilica of Saint-Denis is also the first gothic cathedral. During the 12th century, under the rule of Abbot Suger, the church went through extensive reconstruction works using new techniques such as the pointed arch and pointed ribbed vault and the play of light through stained glass windows.
The Basilica of Saint-Denis is located in the Parisian suburbs and it can be reached by metro on a half-day trip from Paris.
Small Towns Near Paris
There are many picturesque towns near Paris worth visiting, perfect to get out in the fresh air and see a different side of France. Most of these towns around Paris make excellent day trips from Paris by train.
Some of these towns like Auvers-sur-Oise or Bougival inspired the Impressionists and other great painters for their most famous paintings whilst other towns are just so pretty that they don’t need any other excuse to visit.
Where to go to explore a bit of the countryside around the French capital? Click here for the most beautiful small towns around Paris.
The Vallée-aux-Loups is a beautiful natural area located in Châtenay-Malabry, in Hauts-de-Seine, and it is an easy day trip from Paris by train (RER B).
The Valley’s Arboretum includes a unique collection of hundreds of different trees and shrubs and it is listed in the national inventory of artistic, historic, scientific, legendary and picturesque sites.
Amongst all the beautiful trees, the weeping blue cedar is the most exceptional. This blue cedar boasts 680 m² of antlers and it is classified as a remarkable tree at the national level.
When visiting the Vallée-aux-Loups, don’t miss the Domaine of Chateaubriand, with the writer’s beautiful house and surrounding park. Chateaubriand lived in this house with his wife until 1818 and it was the place where he wrote some of his major works.
If Combourg is where Chateaubriand claims to have become what he is, the Vallée-aux-Loups is another emblematic place linked to the memory of the writer. Actually, it was Chateaubriand who named this valley Vallée-aux-Loups (Valley of Wolves).
Parc de Sceaux
Le Domaine Départemental de Sceaux is a classic garden “à la française” built in the 17 th century for Colbert, Minister of Finances under the rule of King Louis XIV. The Sceaux Estate is located 5km south west of Paris, between the communes of Sceaux and Antony.
The magnificent garden designed by the famous landscape designer André le Notre is today a big urban parc, space for beautiful walks, picnics on the grass, games, and celebrations. Just like Versailles, it boasts a canal more than 1km long, but also an octagonal pond and other water features.
Parc de Sceaux is famous for its cherry trees, the most beautiful cherry blossoms in all Ile de France. But this is a park worth visiting all year round, to see how it changes with the seasons.
Apart from the natural spaces, you may want to visit the 19th-century Château-Museum, which features a collection of paintings, furniture and other objects illustrating the history of the château and its owners. Around the Château, visitors can also see the stables, an Orangerie and a couple of temples.
Food in Ile-de-France
Paris boasts nearly 70 Michelin-starred restaurants but it is also a pleasure to have some of the French classics in typical (and more modest) Parisian brasseries or bistros.
The Ile-de-France region produces a vast number of gourmet products: Houdan poultry, lamb from Ile-de-France, as well as Parisian mushrooms and cress from Méréville.
The local cheeses are Brie from Meaux, Melun or Coulommiers and some vineyards near Meaux are also allowed to produce champagne. On weekends, after the harvest, locals love to wander around and fill up their stocks at the small wine and champagne producers.
Finally, you may want to try some yummy desserts, such as the Paris-Brest, chouquettes or Saint-Honoré. The cherries from Montmorency are also a must of Ile-de-France.
We hope that you enjoyed the main places to visit in Ile-de-France. If you want to learn about other regions, head to this article on the Regions of France, where we have summarized the highlights of each region for you.
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