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France by Car
So you are planning your once-in-a-lifetime trip to France and are wondering how to get around efficiently, all while seeing the beautiful country and at your own pace. Naturally, touring France by car is a fantastic option. In this Guide to Driving in France, you will learn how to drive in France, and we will cover everything you’ll need to know, including driving in France requirements, common rules and regulations, and more.
Driving In France Guide – Table of Contents:
- Requirements for driving in France
- Renting a car in France
- Driving in France Checklist
- Roads in France
- Toll roads in France (Péages)
- Driving in Paris
- French road signs and French traffic signs
- Rules of the Road in France
- Car accidents in France
Requirements for Driving in France
If you plan on driving in France, you need to be aware that there are certain requirements before getting behind the wheel. The following are the documents that you must have with you at all times and other driving in France requirements for legally driving in France.
- Valid Driver’s License
- Current registration and proof of purchase (if driving your own vehicle): When driving your own car, a valid driver’s license, as well as registration or proof of ownership, is required to be with you at all times in the car.
- Valid Passport: a passport is required for both the driver as well as any other people in the car.
- Valid Car Insurance: For car rentals in France, double-check your contract and agreement that this has been included in the paperwork or is in the car and is up to date.
- All drivers must be 18 years of age in order to drive in France. Even student drivers with a permit and with an adult is not allowed.
- Towing: If you intend on towing anything behind your primary vehicle when traveling to France by car, ensure that you have all the proper licensing documentation from the country of origin. This includes a sticker on the license plate from your country that matches the plate on your car.
Renting a Car in France
Car hire in France is a fantastic choice to tour France on your own. You can book through sites, such as RentalCars.com. Sites like these are great because it takes all of the major rental companies, such as Hertz, Avis, and more, and compares prices for you. This helps to ensure that you get a great price without all the time and work.
We have written a dedicated article about renting a car in France, with all the information, and our best tips for car hire in France.
So you’ve got wheels, now what?
Driving in France Checklist
If you are going to visit France by car, several items are required, by law, to have in your vehicle at all times. By not having them, you are subject to some extremely hefty fines.
Driving In France Kit:
- Headlamp Converters (headlamp beam deflectors)
- Highly Visual Reflective Vests (one for each passenger)
- Warning Triangle
- Spare Bulbs
- Two “NF Certified” Breathalyzers
- Extra pair of glasses (for those that wear glasses regularly)
Apart from the car essentials required by law, there are some road trip essentials you should never leave behind, like a spare tire, an empty fuel can, or a car charger. If you want to make sure that you have everything included in the France driving checklist, you can purchase a ready-to-go Driving In France Kit.
Roads in France
Knowing the different kinds of roads in France can make a huge difference in the comfort, ease, and stress of driving.
» A: These are ‘Autoroutes.’ Other countries call them motorways or interstates. An example of this in France is the A8.
» N: The ‘N’ stands for ‘National Strategic Truck Routes.’ These roads are good alternatives to toll roads and Autoroutes, but you can expect them to take longer than the motorways.
» D: A ‘D’ road is a county (Departmental) road. ‘D’ roads can be anything from tiny little roads to busy streets that once were national routes. If the latter is the case, they will have received new street numbers, so a current map is vital to understanding where you are driving.
» Road Numbers: It can sometimes be confusing if you see multiple numbers on a road sign. French road numbers will be white on a red background. European road numbers are white on a green background. Oftentimes, both will be listed, especially if the road leads from France to another European destination.
» Péage: This means Toll Road Ahead
» Bis: Oftentimes, there will be alternative routes posted with the word ‘Bis’ and a destination. For example, you may see ‘Bis Lyon.’ This is the equivalent of the British ‘Holiday Route,’ which is simply a secondary or alternative option to the main motorway. These will often have less traffic or are to avoid traffic jams.
Toll Roads in France (Péages)
When Driving in France, while there is no vignette required, you can expect a toll on almost all Autoroutes. The signs (péages) are well marked, and you will know when you approach a new toll.
You will typically come to a toll plaza that has machines in each lane that you will take a ticket from stating where your toll starts.
You pay for the toll when you exit the motorway to either an attendant or to another automatic machine that takes credit and debit cards.
In addition to the toll roads, you may also encounter tunnels or bridges that also require a toll. Most of these, you will pay before entering.
For further information regarding French toll roads, you can learn more here.
Driving in Paris
While driving to France is great if you are wanting to explore the countryside, if you are heading to Paris, it is recommended to not bring a car into the city.
Paris has a great public transportation infrastructure, making a car hire pointless. For example, the traffic in Paris can be overwhelming for tourist drivers. The highway that encircles Paris is the la Périphérique and there is almost no way to avoid it when driving into the city. It becomes quite hectic when you need to exit (on the far right out of 4 lanes) but simultaneously needing to head the car merging (also on your right!) all while keeping a careful eye on the 70 km/hr speed limit!
Once IN the city, driving is still quite stressful, and then finding parking in Paris is also extremely difficult. Even if you are lucky to find street parking available, you have to pay to use most of them.
Therefore, take advantage of the great public transportation in Paris and ditch the car. If driving your own vehicle, there are many easy and affordable Park and Rides outside of the city -for example, Disney Paris. Simply park at the lot, pay the fee, and take public transportation into the city.
If you need a rental car after your time in Paris, there are plenty of agencies with locations on the outskirts of the city (to avoid city driving) or rent a car at the airport (also on the outskirts). We recommend doing this at the end of your time in Paris, just before heading off to your other destinations.
Pollution Stickers for Paris
Many EU countries have emission laws in regards to driving, and France is no exception. In particular, there is an ‘environmental zone’ in Paris where it is illegal to drive without having the ‘Crit’Air’ badge clearly visible on your windshield.
On certain high pollution days, certain vehicles with high ratings as well as older vehicles and motorcycles are not allowed in certain areas of Paris, such as the city center. Signs will be posted at the restricted areas and will include the time of the ban.
You can easily get the ‘Crit’Air’ sticker online a few days before driving in Paris. For vehicles caught without the proper sticker, expect a fine.
Some rental car agencies will help you obtain these, others you will need to order one ahead of time yourself. Speak to your car rental company to know if you will need to get one on your own.
For more information as well as obtaining a sticker, click here.
Gas/fuel Stations in Paris
While there are several petrol stations along the circular ring road (périphérique) when entering Paris, they can be harder to find in the actual city. If you are planning to drive to France, it is also best to fuel up outside of Paris, as prices tend to be cheaper away from the city.
You can use a Gas Finder App, or even Google Maps to help figure out the best routing option for fueling up.
Watching Out for Cyclists and Pedestrians
When driving in Paris or anywhere in France, remember to give pedestrians the right of way and to always be on the lookout in busy locations.
Cyclists don’t always follow traffic laws. You may find them cruising in between lanes and dodging in and out of cars. People walking sometimes run out into the street, despite the signs telling them to wait, so just be vigilant and patient.
Rules for Driving in France
French Traffic Signs
Whenever driving in a new country, you need to familiarize yourself with the local roadway rules and signs. While many of the french traffic signs can be easy enough to figure out, such as the ‘warning’ signs, others are not as intuitive, like the signs stating who has priority when and where or those with French words on them (if you don’t speak French).
Luckily, most French traffic signs are the same as you will find throughout the rest of the EU, so if you are driving elsewhere, you may not need to learn too many extras.
Rules of the Road
Driving in France rules are pretty common and typical among other EU country’s driving regulations. However, make sure you’ve read through the following so you understand if you need to take further actions to ensure you are within the law.
» Seatbelts: ALL passengers are legally required to be belted. In fact, it is the driver who can be ticketed and fined for passengers not wearing seat belts.
» Infants and Car Seats: All babies and infants are required to be in proper car seats. If under the age of one, it must be rear-facing.
» Children Under 13: Please make sure that all children under 13 either have the correct car seats or booster seats for their age and height or belt adjusters. Also, children under 13 are not allowed to sit in the front passenger seat.
» Drinking: France is extremely strict about drinking and driving. The blood-alcohol level can only be below 0.02%, which for many people is even just one drink! Serious penalties, such as extremely high fines, license revoked, and even jail are all things you don’t want to have to deal with on your trip to France.
» Driving With Headlights On: While it is only compulsory for motorcycles to have headlights on at all times while driving, it is strongly encouraged for all drivers to have low beams on while driving both during the day and at night, especially when on country roads.
Keeping high beams on when approaching oncoming traffic can also result in tickets and/or fines.
» Right of Way To the Right: Like most European countries, whoever is approaching on the right has the right of way, unless otherwise noted. When in doubt, give the right of way! For example, when driving on a neighborhood road, any roads to the right of you have the right of way over you. While there are certain street signs to indicate who has the right of way (see the above section and recommended links), you may also see a sign stating ‘Vous n’avez pas la priorité,’ which means you do not have the priority.
This is a perfect example of making sure you have reviewed and understand all of the above road signs so that you follow the laws of the local country.
» Driving in Kilometers: For most countries, this is not an issue, but if you are coming from a country that uses miles instead of kilometers, just make a mental note and start looking at conversions to familiarize yourself with the difference. For example, 50 kilometers/hr is 31 miles/ hr, which is what you will find on many highways. Most Autoroutes have a speed limit of 130 km/hr, which is roughly 80 mph.
Speed limits can change depending on current driving conditions, so it is essential to be paying attention to the signs.
» French Roundabout Rules: Roundabouts are found all over Europe, but for foreigners, they can be confusing and scary. Just remember that you must head to the traffic already in the roundabout before entering. Use your signal only to indicate when exiting.
» Driving in France: Left or right? Many people ask which way people drive in France, and the answer is that they drive on the right, like most mainland EU countries. This also means that when entering a roundabout that the traffic will go clockwise.
Car Accidents in France
Nobody likes to envision a car accident or breaking down while on their trip. However, it is still important to know exactly what to do if something should happen.
- Put on your safety vest from your driving kit.
- Set up the red warning triangle (also in your driving kit). Give enough distance for oncoming cars to become aware that a car is on the side of the road or there is an oncoming accident.
- If in an emergency or car accident dial 15 on French lines or 112 on international phones
- ‘Constat Amiable’ (Friendly Declaration): If you were in an accident, you’ll fill out the ‘Constat Amiable’ form. At this time, it is advisable to call your insurance company to ensure that all information needed from the scene is obtained. No matter the accident, make sure you have all names, vehicle registration numbers, insurance information, and contact information.
- For any injuries with any party involved, everyone must remain on the scene until the police arrive.
We hope that this guide on how to drive in France was useful to you. By now, we are sure you know the rules for driving in France, and you are ready for your first trip to France by car. Bon voyage!
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